The following material is excerpted from the Arcadia University Student Handbook. Faculty members should not hesitate to cite it (or portions thereof) in their syllabi or otherwise introduce it into their students’ course of study.
The life of any academic community depends on the integrity and personal honesty of its members. An academic community must pay special attention to the values which define the nature of academic life. Historically, these have included the right to freedom of inquiry, a commitment to truth and respect for the freedom of inquiry of others.
A distinguished characteristic of an academic community is the way it combines competitive and cooperative values. On the one hand, education is a shared task and progress comes through cooperative efforts. Toward that end, Arcadia University encourages peer review – discussing ideas with peers, reading drafts of work, and so on.
On the other hand, new ideas are the currency of the community, and it is important to acknowledge the individual ownership of ideas. It is a serious violation of the norms of the academic community to appropriate the ideas of other people without credit or permission, and it is important to learn to discriminate between exploitation and the legitimate use of the ideas of others.
The most general rule is that any use of another person's ideas—whether the source is published or not—should be acknowledge fully and in detail. Since disciplines show some differences on how this should be done, instructors should be consulted as to the form and nature of the acknowledgements required by each field.
Procedures for Taking Examinations, Tests and Quizzes:
To eliminate suspicious behavior during any type of examination, all books, notes, note cards, papers materials, and instruments are to be left in a designated location away from the testing area, except for those materials previously specified by the faculty member.
The faculty member may remain in the room. If the faculty member leaves the room after the initial questions have been asked, he/she must remain accessible and may return to answer questions that arise during the examination.
Requests for clarification of questions must be directed only to the faculty member.
Silence is to be maintained in the exam room.
If possible, students should occupy every other seat.
Students are not to leave the test area unless an emergency arises, or by grant of permission. Faculty members' policies on leaving the testing area should be specified beforehand. If a student must leave the room, test papers must be left behind.
In fairness to all students, the exam must be finished by the end of the examination period. The Instructor may request a student to discontinue writing at the end of the allotted time. The examination time can be lengthened only if granted at the beginning of the period and only if the extension applies to all students.
Students in need of reasonable accommodations for learning disabilities must set this up in advance of the exam with the Disability Services Coordinator. Faculty members are not obligated to provide reasonable accommodations in the absences of information from this office.
Procedures for Papers, Reports, and Other Written Work:
When preparing all written work, students should take great care to acknowledge fully the source or sources of all ideas, language, diagrams, charts, etc., which are not their own. If a student intentionally appropriates the ideas, concepts, or language of another person and presents them without attribution, he/she is guilty of plagiarism. For specific questions students should consult with the instructor, but the following rules must be observed:
Any sequence of words appearing in a student's essay which are not his/her own must be enclosed in quotation marks and the source identified in a manner designated by the instructor.
A paraphrase should not be enclosed in quotation marks, but should be footnoted and the source given.
An interpretation based on an identifiable source must be so attributed.
If a student wishes to seek assistance from another student (i.e., proofreading for typographical errors), the instructor should be consulted to determine if such assistance is permissible. If permitted, such assistance should be acknowledged in the written work.
Procedures for Laboratory Work:
Unless otherwise directed, students are expected to make all necessary measurements, drawings, and calculations independently, based on their own work. Observations, including numerical data for working out results, are to be collected and used independently.